I return to Nick's question, after a brief interlude. As I return, I want to begin by focusing upon point 8 from Part 4, in response to Nick's question. Here is point 8.
Since the establishment of our justification before God is in Christ Jesus alone and because we can do absolutely nothing to establish or add to our justification before God, Jesus, Paul, James and other preachers of the gospel are not timid to correlate our justification before God with our belief in Jesus Christ (Galatians 2:16), with our words (Matthew 12:36-37), with our being "doers" (Romans 2:13), with our deeds (James 2:24).
Consider the following, which is from Matthew Henry's "A Scripture Catechism in the Method of the Assembly's." The Westminster Shorter Catechism inquires and responds:
Q. 33. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardons all our sins and accepts us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.
To the question and answer, Matthew Henry offers eight expansions. Here is his eighth.
Is justifying faith a working faith Yes: for by works is faith made perfect, Jam. 2:22. And will that faith justify us which does not produce good works? No: for by works a man is justified, and not by faith only, Jam. 2:24. Is faith then dead without good works? Yes: for as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also, Jam. 2:26. And are good works dead without faith? Yes: for without faith it is impossible to please God, Heb. 11:6. Must they both act together then? Yes: for that which avails is faith, which works by love, Gal. 5:6. Do we then make void the law through faith? No: God forbid, yea, we establish the law, Rom. 3:31. Is our faith our own? No: it is not of ourselves, it is the gift of God, Eph. 2:8. Are our good works our own? No: for thou also hast wrought all our works in us, Isa. 26:12. Is any room left for boasting then? No: it is excluded by the law of faith, Rom. 3:27. Must God therefore have all the glory? Yes: for by the grace of God I am what I am, 1 Cor. 15:10.
I offer this as a first step toward developing, understanding, and explaining my own eighth point. We need to be accurate in how we speak of the relationship between faith and works. By works, I do not mean "dead works," of course, nor "works of the Law."
On Matthew Henry's "A Scripture Catechism," a hat tip to Barb.